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  Earth Science
  Life Science
  Physical Science

Hands-on Activity


Fun Forces
In this activity, students will assess solar power by comparing its effect on rain (water), sleet (ice), and snow (popsicles). Students will observe the temperature changes on these elements and compare the temperature of the elements in direct sunlight with the same elements out of sunlight.
Topic: Solar Energy and Temperature
Real World Science Topics:
  • An evaluation of the sun and its properties: its large mass and gas make up, the distance from the sun to the Earth, and the ability of its energy to travel and heat the Earth and our Solar System
  • An exploration of the three stages of matter and how the sun (a gas) alters the state of one object (solid) to another (liquid) as well as the sun's effects on the temperature of each
  • An exploration of how heat changes the form of a substances and specifically, measures of temperature at which matter freezes, melts, or remains constant
After completing this activity, students should be able to explain how the sun distributes heat to Earth and make measurable comparisons of how the sun directly affects the melting and warming of an object. Students in grades 2-3 should also be able to describe the three states of matter and temperatures at which ice freezes and melts.

Activity Difficulty Rating: 3 Each hands-on science activity has been ranked based on difficulty of set up and how difficult they are to perform. The rating scale is from 1 to 5, with 1 being the easiest and 5 being the most complicated.



Use these quick refreshers to prep for your next class.